REIK, THEODOR

REIK, THEODOR (1888–1970), psychoanalyst. Reik, who was born in Vienna, met Freud in 1910 and received his training analysis from karl abraham in Berlin. After World War I he worked as an analyst first in Vienna, and then in Berlin until he moved to The Hague in 1934. In 1938 he immigrated to the United States. In 1946 he was elected president of the National Association for Psychoanalytic Psychology. Reik wrote many psychoanalytic articles on literary and musical figures such as Flaubert and mahler , on clinical and anthropological themes, and on psychological theory. Four of his best-known papers of the 1920s were collected in Das Ritual, psychoanalytische Studien (19282; Ritual, Psychoanalytic Studies, 1931). The first paper dealt with "couvade," the primitive custom in which the father of a newborn child lies in bed, the last two papers with kol nidrei and the shofar. A series of papers on problems of crime – including the compulsion to confess, and Freud's view of capital punishment – were developed in Der unbekannte Moerder (1932; The Unknown Murderer, 1936), in which he sets forth as a major concept that unconscious guilt motivates the crime itself and also the criminal's need to be caught and punished. Reik held that an analyst's theoretical assumptions may interfere with treatment and that the therapeutic relationship should be an "unconscious duet" between patient and analyst in which surprises to both parties provide important insights. He wrote about his new technique in Der Ueberraschte Psychologe (1935; Surprise and the Psychoanalyst, 1936), and Listening with the Third Ear (1948). In Aus Leiden Freuden (1940; Masochism in Modern Man, 1941) Reik stated his theory that masochistic suffering is basically a search for pleasure and, as in the case of the Christian martyrs, for final victory. He therefore regarded masochism and the associated death instinct as secondary rather than primary as seen by Freud. Some of Reik's thought was iconoclastic. In Psychology of Sex Relations (1945) he rejected the classical psychoanalytic theory of the libido and some of the sexual concepts that go with it. Among his more than 50 books are the autobiographical From Thirty Years with Freud (1940), Fragment of a Great Confession (1949), and The Search Within (1956). His biblical tetralogy included The Creation of Woman (1960), and in 1962 he published Jewish Wit. In Pagan Rites in Judaism (1964) he endeavors to show that much of the pagan and prehistoric survives in the rites of Judaism as professed today. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. Lindner (ed.), Explorations in Psychoanalysis (1953), essays in his honor (incl. bibl.); J.M. Natterson, in: F.G. Alexander, et al. (eds.), Psychoanalytic Pioneers (1966), 249–64, incl. bibl.; D.M. Kaplan, in: American Imago, 25 (Spring 1968) 52–58; A. Grinstein, Index of Psychoanalytic Writings, 3 (1958), 1620–32; 7 (1965), 3940–41 (bibl. of his works). (Louis Miller)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Reik, Theodor — (1888–1969)    Psychoanalyst. Reik had practised as a psychoanalyst in his native Vienna, in Berlin and the Hague, and was recognized as a leading European exponent, before settling in the United States in 1938. He was elected president of the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Reik, Theodor — (1888 1969)    Austrian psychoanalyst. Born in Vienna, he practised in Vienna, Berlin and the Hague. In 1938 he went to the US and became president of the National Association for Psychoanalytic Psychology in 1946. His works include Listening… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Reik, Theodor — ► (1888 1970) Psicólogo austríaco. Se preocupó, sobre todo, de los problemas religiosos, del origen de los ritos y de la criminalidad. Sus obras principales son El Dios propio y extraño (1923), El asesino desconocido (1932) y Sexualidad y amor… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Райк Теодор / Reik, Theodor — (1888 1969). Являясь приверженцем многих психоаналитических концепций, Райк, тем не менее, расходился с Фрейдом во взглядах на некоторые вопросы любви и сексуальных отношений. Он считал, что истинная романтическая любовь имеет мало общего с… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Theodor Reik — placa memorial, Berlín Nacionalidad …   Wikipedia Español

  • REIK (T.) — REIK THEODOR (1888 1969) Appartenant à la première génération des psychanalystes qui entouraient Freud, Theodor Reik se caractérisa au sein de ce groupe par le fait qu’il n’était pas médecin. Né en Bohême, il fit des études de littérature et de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Reik — es un grupo de pop mexicano origianrios de mexicali. Sus integrantes son Jesus Navarro(vocalista), Julio Ramirez(guitarra acustica) y Gilberto Bibi Marin (guitarra electrica). Reik se formo a mediados del 2003, y lanzan su primer disco homonimo a …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Theodor Reik — (* 12. Mai 1888 in Wien; † 31. Dezember 1969 in New York City) war ein österreichisch amerikanischer Psychoanalytiker jüdischer Konfession. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Veröffentlichungen (Auswahl) 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodor Reik — (12 May 1888 in Wien mdash; 31 December 1969 in New York City) was a prominent psychoanalyst who trained as one of Freud s first students in Vienna, Austria. Reik received a PhD degree in psychology from the University of Vienna in 1912. His… …   Wikipedia

  • Reik — ist der Name von Emma Reik (1914–1944), slowakische Widerstandskämpferin Peter Reik (* 1955), deutscher Schriftsteller Theodor Reik (1888–1969), US amerikanischer Psychoanalytiker Siehe auch Reig Reich Reik (Fürst) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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